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Researchers map neurons in the brain involved with social interactions with others in groups

Thursday October 21st, 2021 09:52:07 PM
In social experiments, three monkeys sat around a rotary table and took turns offering food to one of the other two monkeys. Certain neurons in the brain responded to the actions of other monkeys in the group and influenced an animal's upcoming decisions to reciprocate or retaliate.

Scientists part of team that points to strong connection between climate change, plastics pollution

Thursday October 21st, 2021 09:51:50 PM
At the root of global climate change and the worldwide plastics problem are two related carbon-based fuels -- oil and natural gas. Not only are the two among the key drivers of climate change, they are instrumental in the manufacturing of plastics. As storms intensify and become more frequent, the movement of trash from land to our oceans and, and vice versa, is only going to get worse.

Bat study reveals secrets of the social brain

Thursday October 21st, 2021 09:51:45 PM
Neuroscientists used wireless devices to record the neural activity of freely interacting Egyptian fruit bats, providing researchers with the first glimpse into how the brains of social mammals process complex group interactions.

New material could pave the way for better, safer batteries

Thursday October 21st, 2021 09:51:42 PM
A material derived from trees could potentially replace liquid electrolytes in next-generation batteries.

Shape-shifting materials with infinite possibilities

Thursday October 21st, 2021 09:51:35 PM
Researchers have developed a shape-shifting material that can take and hold any possible shape, paving the way for a new type of multifunctional material that could be used in a range of applications, from robotics and biotechnology to architecture.

Scientists look beyond the individual brain to study the collective mind

Thursday October 21st, 2021 09:51:16 PM
Scientists argue that efforts to understand human cognition should expand beyond the study of individual brains. They call on neuroscientists to incorporate evidence from social science disciplines to better understand how people think.

How pearls achieve nanoscale precision

Thursday October 21st, 2021 09:51:10 PM
In research that could inform future high-performance nanomaterials, a study has uncovered how mollusks build ultradurable structures with a level of symmetry that outstrips everything else in the natural world, with the exception of individual atoms.

Astronomers provide 'field guide' to exoplanets known as hot Jupiters

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:11:09 PM
By combining Hubble Space Telescope observations with theoretical models, a team of astronomers has gained insights into the chemical and physical makeup of a variety of exoplanets known as hot Jupiters. The findings provide a new and improved 'field guide' for this group of planets and inform ideas about planet formation in general.

New photonic chip for isolating light may be key to miniaturizing quantum devices

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:11:07 PM
Light plays a critical role in enabling 21st century quantum information applications. Limited by size, engineers need to miniaturize quantum devices, which requires re-thinking certain components for harnessing light. Researchers have designed a simple, compact photonic circuit that uses sound waves to rein in light. The team's measurements show that their approach to isolation currently outperforms all previous on-chip alternatives and is optimized for compatibility with atom-based sensors.

Two beams are better than one

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:10:55 PM
History's greatest couples rely on communication to make them so strong their power cannot be denied. But that's not just true for people, it's also true for lasers. According to new research from the USC Viterbi School of Engineering, adding two lasers together as a sort of optical 'it couple' promises to make wireless communications faster and more secure than ever before.

Hidden costs of global illegal wildlife trade

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:10:50 PM
Researchers have highlighted that the illegal and unsustainable global wildlife trade has bigger ramifications on our everyday lives than you might think.

Spending time in nature promotes early childhood development

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:10:16 PM
Want to ensure your child hits their expected developmental milestones? New research suggests living in areas with high exposure to green-space can help set them up for success.

Northern lakes warming six times faster in the past 25 years

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:10:02 PM
Lakes in the Northern Hemisphere are warming six times faster since 1992 than any other time period in the last 100 years, new research has found.

‘Raptor-like’ dinosaur discovered in Australian mine, actually uncovered as a timid vegetarian

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:09:51 PM
Fossil footprints found in an Australian coal mine around 50 years ago have long been thought to be that of a large 'raptor-like' predatory dinosaur, but scientists have in fact discovered they were instead left by a timid long-necked herbivore.

Africa-wide great ape assessment reveals human activity, not habitat availability, is greatest driver of ape abundance

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:09:49 PM
The first-ever Africa-wide assessment of great apes -- gorillas, bonobos and chimpanzees -- finds that human factors, including roads, population density and GDP, determine abundance more than ecological factors such as forest cover.

Under arrest: Using nanofibers to stop brain tumor cells from spreading

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:09:43 PM
Researchers have used high-density nanofibers that mimic the microenvironment of the brain to capture tumor cells, opening doors to novel therapeutic solutions for aggressive brain cancer.

Tap water produces a protective shield against microplastics

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:09:32 PM
Tap water produces a natural protective shield against harmful microplastics, which can help prevent household products such as plastic kettles from releasing them.

Early dinosaurs may have lived in social herds as early as 193 million years ago

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:09:21 PM
Scientists believe they have found the earliest evidence for complex herd behavior in dinosaurs. Researchers say Mussaurus patagonicus may have lived in herds some 193 million years ago -- 40 million years earlier than other records of dinosaur herding.

A new Earth bombardment model

Thursday October 21st, 2021 04:09:05 PM
A team has updated its asteroid bombardment model of the Earth with the latest geologic evidence of ancient, large collisions. These models have been used to understand how impacts may have affected oxygen levels in the Earth's atmosphere in the Archean eon, 2.5 to 4 billion years ago.

Some of the world’s oldest rubies linked to early life

Thursday October 21st, 2021 12:46:08 PM
While analyzing some of the world's oldest colored gemstones, researchers discovered carbon residue that was once ancient life, encased in a 2.5 billion-year-old ruby.

Last updated October 22, 2021